In the 1890’s star cartoonists and humorous writers worked hand in hand. Walt McDougall and Eugene Zimmerman supplied comic illustrations to Bill Nye’s newspaper columns while Charles Bertrand Lewis (M. Quad’s) humorous columns featured the fine ink work of C. E. Toles. Caption and comic strip artists were also in high demand as illustrators of hardcover books by the famous humorists. Frederick Burr Opper, W. M. Goodes, E. W. Kemble and A. B. Frost all illustrated books by the leading humorists of the day.